Search all the listings in this section
Browse by Category:|
What are the conditions for wiping over the socks? Are there madahib or salafi opinions that the socks do not have to be leather?
Praise be to Allaah.
Four conditions apply to wiping over the socks.
The first condition:
That they should have been put on when one was in a state of tahaarah (purity, i.e., when one has wudoo’). The evidence for that is what the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to al-Mugheerah ibn Shu’bah: “Don’t worry, because I put them one when I was clean.”
The second condition:
That the khufoof (leather slippers which cover the ankle) or socks should be taahir (pure). If they are naajis (impure) then it is not permissible to wipe over them. The daleel for that is that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) led his companions in prayer one day wearing shoes, which he took off whilst he was praying. He said that Jibreel had told him that there was something dirty on them. This was narrated by Ahmad from the hadeeth of Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (may Allaah be pleased with him) in his Musnad. This indicates that it is not permissible to pray wearing anything that is naajis, because if the naajis thing is wiped over, the person will be contaminated by that najaasah (impurity), so he cannot be considered to be taahir (pure).
The third condition:
They may be wiped over when one is purifying oneself from minor impurity (i.e., doing wudoo’ after passing wind, urine or stools), not when one is in a state of janaabah (major impurity following sexual activity) or when ghusl is required. The evidence for that is the hadeeth of Safwaan ibn ‘Assaal (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) commanded us, when we were travelling, not to remove our khufoof for three days and three nights, except in the case of janaabah. But we could keep them on and wipe over them in the case of stools, urine and sleeping.” This was narrated by Ahmad from the hadeeth of Safwaan ibn ‘Assaal (may Allaah be pleased with him) in his Musnad. So the condition is that wiping the socks may be done when purifying oneself (doing wudoo’) from minor impurity, and it is not permissible in the case of major impurity, because of the hadeeth which we have mentioned here.
The fourth condition:
That the wiping may be done within the time specified by sharee’ah, which is one day and one night in the case of one who is not travelling, and three days and three nights in the case of one who is travelling. This is because of the hadeeth of ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stated one day and one night for the one who is not travelling, and three days and three nights for the one who is travelling, i.e., for wiping over the khufoof.” This was narrated by Muslim. This period starts from the first time one wipes over the socks when doing wudoo’ after some minor impurity, and it ends twenty-four later for the one who is not travelling, and seventy-two hours later for the one who is travelling. So if we assume that a person purifies himself for Fajr prayer on Tuesday and remains taahir (pure, i.e., keeps his wudoo’) until ‘Isha prayer on Tuesday evening, then he sleeps and wakes up to pray Fajr on Wednesday, and he wipes his socks at five o’clock zawaali time , then the period begins from 5 a.m. on Wednesday and lasts until 5 a.m. on Thursday. If we assume that he wiped his socks before 5 a.m then he can pray Fajr on Thursday with this wiping and pray as much as he wants as long as he remains taahir, because according to the most correct scholarly opinion, wudoo’ is not broken when the time period for wiping over the socks expires. That is because the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not set a time limit for tahaarah, rather he set a time limit for wiping over the socks. Once that time limit expires, one cannot wipe over the socks again, but if a person remains in a state of tahaarah then his tahaarah is still valid, because this is what is implied by the shar’i evidence, and whatever is proven by shar’i evidence cannot be invalidated unless there is further shar’i evidence to that effect. There is no evidence to suggest that wudoo’ is broken when the time limit for wiping over the socks expires, because what the basic principle is that he remains as he is (i.e., taahir) until it becomes apparent that this is no longer the case.
These are the conditions which apply to wiping over the khufoof. There are other conditions which were mentioned by some of the scholars, but some of these are subject to further debate.
I’laam al-Musaafireen bi Ba’d Aadaab wa Ahkaam al-Safar by Shaykh ibn al-‘Uthaymeen p.14
It was narrated that al-Mugheerah ibn Shu’bah said: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did wudoo’ and wiped over his socks and shoes.” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 92; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Sunan al-Tirmidhi, no. 86)
The author of al-Qaamoos said: jawrab (socks) means something that is wrapped around the feet.
Abu Bakr ibn al-‘Arabi said: jawrab means a thin cover for the feet made of wool, worn to keep the feet warm.
It was narrated that Yahyaa al-Bakka’ said: I heard Ibn ‘Umar saying, “Wiping over the socks (jawrabayn) is like wiping over the leather slippers (khuffayn).”
Al-Musannaf by Ibn Abi Shaybah, 1/173
Ibn Hazm said: wiping over anything that is worn on the feet – of things that are permitted to be worn and which come up above the ankles – is Sunnah, whether they are slippers (khuffayn) made of leather or felt or wood, or socks made of linen, wool, cotton, camel hair or goat hair, whether leather is worn over them or not, or whether they are overshoes or slippers worn over slippers or socks worn over socks.
Some scholars differed as to whether it is permissible to wipe over the slippers (khuffaayn). The correct view as indicated by the evidence is that it is permissible to do that, as stated above.
And Allaah knows best.
Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid
Question Date: 2010-01-11
* The views posted are the opinions of the individual author of each posting, and are solely meant for education, discussion, and debate, not for any illegal purpose. The authors are not responsible or liable for the intentional, reckless, or negligent actions of any individual, and we assumes no responsibility for the content of the authors. Thus, the articles and materials posted do not represent, endorse or express the views of Muslims of Calgary or any of its affiliate organizations.
* Adhaan & Iqaamah if Praying at Home in Congregation (2011-02-25)* Adkhaar & Dua'a After Prayer (2010-10-06)* Angels Bowing to Adam (2010-08-02)* Asr Prayer Timing (2010-07-28)* Cannot Maintain My Wudhu Due to Medication (2011-08-19)* Combine Evening Prayers Due to Late Isha (2010-06-11)* Combining Prayers Because of Snow (2010-11-21)* Concentration in Prayers (2010-02-11)* Conditions of Wiping Over Socks (2013-03-21)* Description of the Prophet’s Prayer (2011-03-08)* Dhuhr and 'Asr Prayers together (2011-06-06)* Difference Between Tahajjud and Qiyaam Al-Layl? (2012-11-21)* Different Times of Fajr Prayer (2011-07-09)* Do We Have to Pray Jumu'ah (Friday) Prayer? (2012-06-20)* Does Continually Passing Wind Invalidate Wudoo? (2011-08-25)* Dua’a in the Final Tashahhud (2011-05-31)* Du’aa’ in the Final Tashahhud (2012-09-27)* Earliest Time to Friday (Jum'ah) Prayer (2012-03-23)* Eye Surgery & Wudoo (2010-07-27)* Fajr Time (2010-06-12)* Female Dress Code During Prayer (2012-09-14)* Following Imam in Traweeh Congregation to Pray Missed Isha (2011-08-10)* Gas Invalidates Wudoo (2011-01-12)* Giving Up Prayer Because Committing Zina (2011-06-24)* How Does One Pray When Dealing With Health Issues? (2011-07-11)* How to Pray Witr (2011-12-08)* Husband Leading His Wife in Prayer (2011-02-02)* Hypocrisy in Prayer (2011-08-07)* Is Akram Jomaa Islamic Centre Considered a Masjid or Musallah? (2012-06-29)* Is work one of the excuses for which it is permissible to delay prayer beyond its time? (2010-01-06)* Is Wudoo’ Broken By Taking Off One's Socks? (2011-05-19)* Joining & Shortening Prayers (2010-07-26)* Loses Concentration while Praying (2011-11-07)* Maghrib and Isha Together (2010-06-11)* Making Du’aa’ in English (2010-04-12)* Missed Prayers for 20 Years (2011-11-07)* Missing Prayer When Outside Home (2011-12-07)* Must Wash Feet or Wipe Over Socks Sufficient (2012-06-09)* Parents Responses on How to Inspire our Children to Pray (2011-01-31)* Passing in Front of Someone Who is Praying (2011-03-10)* Performing Extra Prayers Between Obligatory Prayers (2011-09-17)* Performing Tayammum - Dry Ablution (2012-03-10)* Pillars and Sunnahs of Prayer (2012-01-31)* Prayed Toward Wrong Direction of Qiblah (2012-05-13)* Prayer After Sexual Intercourse (2012-11-04)* Prayer in Dirty Environment (2011-01-22)* Prayers & Non-Muslim Employer (2010-11-09)* Prayers and Exams (2010-10-29)* Prayers During Travel (2010-06-11)* Praying Fajr Before Its Time (2011-12-06)* Praying Istikhaarah in all one’s affairs (2010-03-06)* Praying Nafl (Voluntarily) Out Loud (Jahran) (2012-03-16)* Prevented From Performing Prayer in School (2011-12-25)* Quran Audio in Taraweeh (2010-08-23)* Raising the Hands for Dua'a (2011-10-07)* Raising the Hands in Salat (2011-08-10)* Reading From a Paper While Praying (2010-02-25)* Recite Surat After al-Faatihah in Prayer (2012-01-27)* Reciting al-Faatihah After the Imam (2012-10-25)* Reciting Few Verses that One Knows (2010-08-13)* Salatul Ishraq / Duha in the Sunnah (2011-12-08)* Sleeping After Fajr (2011-04-09)* Sujood al-Tilaawah (Recitation Prostrations) (2012-09-22)* Sunnah (Prophet's Example) in Performing Night Prayer (2011-05-22)* Sunnah Prayers Associated With Obligatory Prayers (2012-01-27)* The Change of Qiblah Direction (2012-11-22)* The Importance of Prayer (2011-09-20)* The Validity of Salat Ul-Tasaabeeh (2012-08-11)* Time for Duha or Ishraaq Prayer (2010-09-11)* Time of Zuhr Prayer (2010-08-14)* Times of the Five Daily Prayers (2011-01-07)* Tips to Concentrate in Salat / Prayer (2011-08-07)* Traveler (Safar) Prayer (2010-05-12)* Traveler Shortening of Prayers (2010-06-11)* Waiting Period to Pray After Birth (2011-09-15)* Wearing Leather (2010-04-02)* What is the Proof for Salaat al-Tasaabeeh? (2011-08-29)* When is it Permissible to Shorten (Qasr) Prayer? (2012-07-20)* Women Leading Prayers (2010-12-07)* Wudu & Baby Diaper (2010-02-25)