Search all the listings in this section
Browse by Category:|
|The Forms of Iddah for a Divorced Woman
Please let me know the forms of Iddah that a divorced woman has to observe after being divorced.
Praise be to Allaah.
If the woman is divorced by talaaq before the man has entered upon her and been alone with her, i.e., before intercourse or intimacy with her, then she does not have to observe any Iddah at all. Simply by virtue of the divorce it becomes permissible for her to marry another man. But if he has entered upon her and been alone with her and had intercourse with her, then she has to observe the Iddah (waiting period) which takes one of the following forms:
1– If she is pregnant then her Iddah lasts until the pregnancy ends and she delivers, whether that is a long time or a short one. It may so happen that he divorces her in the morning and she gives birth at noon, in which case her Iddah is over. Or it may be that he divorces her in Muharram and she does not give birth until Dhu’l-Hijjah, so she remains in Iddah for twelve months. The point is that the Iddah of the pregnant woman lasts until she gives birth, no matter what the case, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And for those who are pregnant (whether they are divorced or their husbands are dead), their Iddah (prescribed period) is until they lay down their burden” [al-Talaaq 65:4]
2– If the woman is not pregnant and she menstruates (is of child-bearing age), then her Iddah is three complete menstrual cycles after the divorce, i.e., her period comes then she becomes pure, then her period comes again and she becomes pure, then her period comes again and she becomes pure. That is three complete menstrual cycles, regardless of whether the time between them is long or short. Based on this, if he divorces her and she is breastfeeding and does not menstruate until two years later, then she remains in Iddah until she has had three menstrual cycles, so she may stay in this state for two years or more. The point is that she should go through three complete menstrual cycles whether the time involved is long or short, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And divorced women shall wait (as regards their marriage) for three menstrual periods” [al-Baqarah 2:228]
3– If a woman does not menstruate, either because she is very young or old and past menopause, then her Iddah is three months, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And those of your women as have passed the age of monthly courses, for them the Iddah (prescribed period), if you have doubt (about their periods), is three months; and for those who have no courses [(i.e. they are still immature) their Iddah (prescribed period) is three months likewise…” [al-Talaaq 65:4]
4– If a woman’s periods have ceased for a known reason and she will not menstruate again, such as if her uterus has been removed (hysterectomy), then she is like one who has passed menopause and her Iddah is three months.
5– If her periods have ceased and she knows the cause, she should wait for the cause to cease and for her periods to return, then she should observe Iddah according to her menstrual cycle.
6– If her periods have ceased and she does not know what caused that, then the scholars say that she should observe an Iddah of a full year, nine months for pregnancy and three months for Iddah.
These are the categories of Iddah for women divorced by talaaq.
Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Uthaymeen, Majmoo’at As’ilah tahumm al-Usrah al-Muslimah, p. 61-63.
Question Date: 2012-04-14
* The views posted are the opinions of the individual author of each posting, and are solely meant for education, discussion, and debate, not for any illegal purpose. The authors are not responsible or liable for the intentional, reckless, or negligent actions of any individual, and we assumes no responsibility for the content of the authors. Thus, the articles and materials posted do not represent, endorse or express the views of Muslims of Calgary or any of its affiliate organizations.
* Abortion or Divorce (2010-09-13)* Am I Still Married? (2012-01-22)* Attending Events of Non-Muslims (2011-06-27)* Cannot Accept My Marriage (2012-07-30)* Chatting for Marriage (2010-04-07)* Christian Man Marrying Muslim Woman (2010-05-25)* Concept of Mahr in Islam (2012-04-28)* Delay of Marriage & Trial (2012-10-29)* Disobeying Parents in Marriage (2010-06-29)* Divorce at the Time of Menses (2012-11-05)* Divorce Uttered in Anger (2012-01-26)* Divorced and Wonder About Destined Husband (2012-12-14)* Divorced Before Having Sex (2011-07-14)* Divorced Me and Wants Me to Move Out (2012-06-16)* Divorced Me Verbally & By SMS, Can We Be Back? (2012-09-21)* Does Anal Intercourse Cancel the Marriage Contract? (2011-06-25)* Dua'a (Prayers) Seeking a Spouse (2010-08-22)* Dua'a for Marrying Someone I'm Interested In (2011-05-31)* Duaa to Maintain Husband Love and to Stay Faithful (2013-04-19)* Etiquette of Intimate Relations (2011-02-04)* Fake Marriage for Citizenship (2012-09-14)* Forced To Become Muslim To Maintain Relationship (2010-11-28)* Forced to Marriage (2011-02-28)* Forgiving My Husband - Adultery (2011-11-07)* Got Divorced While Having My Period (2012-01-18)* Her Parents Were Not Married When She Was Born (2012-01-09)* Homosexual and Afraid to Get Married (2011-05-03)* How Does Islam View Early Marriages? (2011-01-02)* Husband Not Wanting Me to Maintain Relationship With Parents (2012-10-23)* I Can't Stand his Beard! (2011-01-02)* I Hope She Reverts to Islam & We Get Married! (2011-01-07)* I Want to Choose My Husband (2011-09-16)* I'm Praying for a Husband but Nothing Happened (2012-04-26)* Infertility and Divorce (2012-02-28)* Intercourse During Menstural Period (2013-05-04)* Intimacy With Husband During Period (2010-07-27)* Islam and Divorce (2011-08-14)* Keeping Feelings to Myself (2010-09-23)* Lied When Having Nikah Ceremony (2011-12-13)* Lost Her Virginity in Past Relationship (2012-05-08)* Love Relationship with Guilt & Pain (2010-06-01)* Made Relationship While Being Away From My Husband (2012-08-02)* Many Calamities Have Befallen Him (2011-01-21)* Marriage & Life Responsibilities (2011-01-20)* Marriage and If He is Regretful (2011-06-10)* Married But Thinking of My Old Love (2010-10-18)* Married Without Wali & Divorce Without Intercourse (2012-09-23)* Marrying a Banker (2011-03-16)* Marrying a Catholic, Wedding Ceremony (2011-01-14)* Marrying a Divorcee With a Child Before Reverting to Islam (2012-09-02)* Marrying After Committing Zina With Pregnancy (2012-06-14)* Marrying From Different Race & Community (2011-12-23)* Marrying Sikh Girl (2011-04-25)* Marrying Without Wali/Guardian Before Converting to Islam (2012-06-19)* Misyaar Marriage (2010-05-20)* Misyaar Marriage Wali (Guardian) (2010-07-08)* Misyaar or Marriage with the intention of Divorce (2011-08-15)* Muslim Woman Marrying Outside Islam (2010-11-04)* My Husband Has Changed and He is Hurtful (2011-05-17)* My Husband Sexually Molested My Daughter (2012-01-09)* My Iddah While Never Had Intercourse (2012-04-06)* My Rights When 3 Talak (Divorce) Were Given One Time (2012-08-16)* My Wife Committed Infidelity (2011-10-21)* My Wife Had Emotional Affairs (2012-09-11)* Not Liking Her is Enough to Divorce (2012-09-11)* Objecting to Marry Me for Age Difference (2012-06-19)* Parents Welcome Me If I Divorce My Wife (2011-10-31)* Premarital Medical Examination (2012-05-13)* Protective Sex & Children (2011-11-07)* Punished for Being in a Haram Relationship (2010-11-24)* Raped By My Brother Since Young Age (2012-02-26)* Remorse for Committing Adultery (2013-03-03)* Resisting Sexual Desires (2010-08-29)* Ruling on Marrying Cousins (2011-03-27)* Ruling on Plural Marriage & the Wisdom Behind it (2011-03-06)* Rumors & Slandering Damaging My Marriage Plan (2011-12-11)* Sex Limits Between Husband and Wife (2011-09-29)* Sexless Marriage Not Knowing Reason (2011-12-25)* Signs of Salaat Al-Istikhaarah for Marrying Someone (2011-09-20)* Spousal Abuse (2012-06-16)* Spouse and Destiny (2010-04-28)* Staying With Husband Whom I No Longer Love? (2011-01-12)* Swore to Husband Not to Touch Me (2010-07-16)* The Sin of Masturbation & Marriage (2010-08-10)* Threatening of Divorce Constantly (2012-01-26)* Treated Badly By Mother in Law Ended Divorced With A Child (2012-08-23)* Uttering Words Not Intended to Divorce (2012-12-12)* Want to Marry a Boy Whom I Had Physical Relation With (2011-08-10)* What are the Forms of Mahr (Dowry)? (2011-09-08)* What is the Ruling on Drinking One’s Wife’s Milk? (2011-09-21)* Wife Goes Out Without Permission (2012-10-07)* Wisdom & Age of Marriage (2010-03-05)* Woman Alone & Deciding on Marriage (2011-10-16)* Woman Changing Last Name After Marriage (2012-06-25)* Woman’s Right to Refuse Marriage to Someone (2011-06-22)* Worried For Not Getting Married (2011-10-02)* Zina Effects on Adulterer (2010-05-14)