Search all the listings in this section
Browse by Category:|
|Menstruating Woman Touching & Reciting Qu'ran
I have doubt to when you said a menstruating woman can't touch the mushaf, and you interpreted the Ayah in Surat-ul Waqiah that only pure people can touch the Qur'an to exempt janaba and menstruating women from touch it. But there is a Bukhari hadith in which Abu Hurayrah was in janaba in front of the Prophet (SAW) and he left to purify himself. When Prophet (SAW) asked him why he left, he explained himself and was told that a believer is never najas (impure). Please clarify.
Praise be to Allaah.
Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz was asked a similar question, and he said:
It is not permissible for a Muslim to touch the Qur’aan when he does not have wudoo, according to the majority of scholars. This is the view of the four imaams (may Allaah be pleased with them), and this was the view expressed in the fatwas of the Companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). A saheeh hadeeth concerning that has been narrated from ‘Amr ibn Hazm (may Allaah be pleased with him), stating that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) wrote to the people of Yemen: “No one should touch the Qur’aan except one who is taahir (pure).” This is a jayyid hadeeth which has a number of other isnaads which strengthen it. Hence it is known that it not permissible to touch the Qur’aan except in a state of purity from both major and minor impurity. The same applies to moving it from place to place, if the person who is moving it is not taahir. But if he touches it or moves it with something in between, such as picking it up in a wrapper, then it is OK. But if he touches it directly when he is not taahir, this is not permitted according to the saheeh view of the majority of scholars, for the reasons stated above. With regard to reciting it, it is OK for him to recite it from memory when he is without wudoo’, or for him to read it if the Qur’aan is held by someone who asks him to correct or prompt him.
But the person who is junub, i.e., in a state of major impurity, should not recite Qur’aan, because it was narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that nothing ever kept him from reciting Qur’aan except for janaabah (major impurity). Ahmad narrated with a saheeh isnaad from ‘Ali (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came out from the toilet and recited something from the Qur’aan. He said, “This is for the one who is not junub; but the one who is junub should not do this, not even one aayah.”
The point is that the one who is junub should not recite Qur’aan either from the Mus-haf or from memory, until he has taken a bath (ghusl). But the one who has broken his wudoo’ and is impure in the sense of minor impurity may recite Qur’aan from memory but she should not touch the Mus-haf.
Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him), 10/150
The majority of fuqahaa’ say that it is haraam for a woman to recite Qur’aan during her period, until she is taahir (pure) again. The only exceptions they make is in the case of dhikr (remembrance of Allaah) and phrases that are not intended as tilaawah (recitation), such as saying “Bismillaahi’r-Rahmaani’r-Raheem” or “Innaa Lillaahi wa innaa ilayhi raaji’oon”, or other phrases from the Qur’aan which are repeated as general du’aa’s.
They base their evidence for forbidding menstruating women to recite Qur’aan on several things, including the following:
Menstruation is seen as coming under the rulings that apply to one who is junub (in a state of impurity following sexual intercourse), because both states require ghusl. This is based on the hadeeth narrated by ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib (may Allaah be pleased with him), according to which the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to teach the Qur’aan and he never prevented anyone from learning it except those who were in a state of janaabah (impurity).” (Reported by Abu Dawood, 1/281; al-Tirmidhi, 146; al-Nisaa’i, 1/144; Ibn Maajah, 1/207; Ahmad, 1/84; Ibn Khuzaymah [??], 1/104. Al-Tirmidhi said: a saheeh hasan hadeeth. Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said: the truth is that it is the type of hasan hadeeth that could be used as evidence).
The hadeeth of Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with them both), according to which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The menstruating woman and the one who is in a state of impurity (janaabah) should not recite anything of the Qur’aan.” (Reported by al-Tirmidhi, 131; Ibn Maajah, 595; al-Daaraqutni (1/117); al-Bayhaqi, 1/89. This is a da’eef hadeeth, because it was reported by Ismaa’eel ibn ‘Ayyaash from the Hijaazis, and his reports from them are da’eef as is well known to those who are conversant with the study of hadeeth. Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said (21/460): it is a da’eef hadeeth by the unanimous agreement of the scholars of hadeeth. See Nasb al-Raayah, 1/195; al-Talkhees al-Habeer, 1/183).
Some scholars say that it is permitted for a menstruating woman to recite Qur’aan. This is the opinion of Maalik, and one opinion narrated from Ahmad, which Ibn Taymiyah preferred and which al-Shawkaani believed to be correct. The scholars based the following points on this opinion:
The principle is that things are allowed and permitted unless there is evidence to the contrary. There is no such evidence to say that a menstruating woman is not allowed to recite Qur’aan. Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said: “There is no clear, saheeh text to indicate that a menstruating woman is forbidden to recite Qur’aan… It is known that women used to menstruate at the time of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and he did not forbid them to recite Qur’aan, or to remember Allaah (dhikr) and offer du’aa’.”
Allaah, may He be glorified and exalted, commands (Muslims) to recite Qur’aan. He praises the one who does so, and promises him (or her) a great reward. No one is excluded from this except the one concerning whom there is solid evidence (daleel), and there is no such evidence in the case of menstruating women, as stated above.
The analogy between the menstruating woman and the one who is in a state of janaabah is made despite the fact that there are differences between them. The one who is in a state of janaabah has the option of removing the “barrier” by making ghusl, unlike the menstruating woman. A woman’s period usually lasts for some length of time, whereas the person who is in a state of janaabah is required to do ghusl when the time for prayer comes.
Preventing a menstruating woman from reciting Qur’aan deprives her of the chance to earn reward, and it may make her forget something of the Qur’aan, or she may need to recite it for the purposes of teaching or learning.
From the above, it is clear that the evidence of those who allow a menstruating woman to recite Qur’aan is stronger. If a woman wants to err on the side of caution, she can limit her recitation to the passages which she is afraid of forgetting.
It is very important to note that what we have been discussing here is restricted to what a menstruating woman recites from memory. When it comes to reading from the Mus-haf (the Arabic text itself), a different rule applies. The correct view of the scholars is that it is forbidden to touch the mus-haf when one is in any kind of state of impurity, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “… which none can touch except the purified.” [al-Waaqi’ah 56:79]. In a letter to ‘Amr ibn Hazm, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told the people of Yemen: “No one should touch the Qur’aan except one who is taahir (pure).” (Reported by Maalik, 1/199; al-Nisaa’i, 8/57; Ibn Hibbaan, 793; al-Bayhaqi, 1/87. Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said: A group of scholars classed this hadeeth as saheeh because it is so well known. Al-Shaafi’i said: It is proven by them that it was a letter sent by the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr said: “This letter is famous among the scholars of seerah, and is so well known among the scholars that it does not need an isnaad. It is like tawaatur because the people accepted and recognized it. Shaykh al-Albani said that its is saheeh. Al-Talkhees al-Habeer, 4/17. See also: Nasb al-Raayah, 1/196; Irwaa’ al-Ghaleel, 1/158).
(Haashiyat Ibn ‘Aabideen, 1/159; al-Majmoo’, 1/356; Kashshaaf al-Qinaa’, 1/147; al-Mughni, 3/461; Nayl al-Awtaar, 1/226; Majmoo’ al-Fataawaa, 21/460; al-Sharh al-Mumti’ li’l-Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 1/291)
With regard to the hadeeth about the purity of the believer, it was narrated that Abu Hurayrah said: “I was met by the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and I was junub. He took my hand and I walked with him until he sat down. Then I slipped away and washed myself (ghusl), then I came to where he was sitting. He said, ‘Where were you, O Abu [Hurayrah]?’ I told him, and he said, ‘Subhaan-Allaah, O Abu [Hurayrah]!, the believer does not become impure.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, al-Ghusl, 276; Muslim, al-Hayd, 556).
Al-Nawawi said in his Commentary on Saheeh Muslim: this hadeeth illustrates a great principle that the Muslim is taahir whether he is alive or dead. If his purity is established, then his sweat, saliva and tears are all pure too, whether he (or she) is without wudoo’, in a state of major impurity (junub), menstruating or bleeding after childbirth.
Once this is understood, then the meaning of his being pure (tahhir) will become clear. It means that there is nothing to prevent his body from being essentially pure even when at the same time he has broken his wudoo’, because being without wudoo’ is simply something that prevents one from praying, or doing other things for which tahaarah (purity) is a pre-condition.
And Allaah knows best.
Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid
Question Date: 2010-10-08
* The views posted are the opinions of the individual author of each posting, and are solely meant for education, discussion, and debate, not for any illegal purpose. The authors are not responsible or liable for the intentional, reckless, or negligent actions of any individual, and we assumes no responsibility for the content of the authors. Thus, the articles and materials posted do not represent, endorse or express the views of Muslims of Calgary or any of its affiliate organizations.
* Alcohol in Perfumes (2010-12-04)* Any Shari`ah Compliant Banks in Calgary for House Mortgage? (2011-04-23)* Attracted to Homosexuality (2010-12-30)* Bank Account Opening Bonus (2010-10-28)* Being a Comedian? (2012-04-17)* Birds as Pet (2010-06-16)* Business Loan (2010-02-05)* Celebrating Birthday (2010-10-08)* Celebrating Halloween (2011-10-17)* Coffee & Tea Drinks (2010-08-27)* Committed Adultery and Had Baby (2013-01-31)* Committed Zina While in Hospital Due to Mental Illness (2012-10-22)* Dental Surgery (2010-06-25)* Drawing Faces in Classroom (2011-03-09)* Drinking Soft Drinks (2011-11-24)* Earnings from Lottery / Tobacco in Franchise (2010-02-20)* Eat Meat Not Islamically Butchered? (2011-03-18)* Eating Beef or Chicken at Fast Food Restaurants (2012-05-04)* Eating Food Cooked with Alcohol (2010-09-10)* Eating Kosher Food (2013-03-11)* Eating Lobster (2012-10-25)* Eating Vegetarian Food at Hindu Restaurants (2012-03-12)* Engaging in Dangerous Sports Like Skydiving (2012-11-15)* Escort and Modeling Business Service (2012-07-21)* Excluding Disobedient Children From Will (2012-01-16)* Fast Food (2010-01-05)* Food in the West, such as Cheddar Cheese (2010-08-24)* Food Produced in the West, such as Gelatin (2010-08-08)* Found Wallet, Lied on Parents & Do not know Owner (2010-01-04)* Future Plans With My Young Girlfriend (2011-03-23)* Getting My Body Waxed by a Non-Muslim (2011-08-15)* Giving Away Interest Earned on Saving Account (2011-09-17)* Had a Mut'ah Marriage and Got Pregnant (2011-05-22)* Haraam Jobs (2010-03-03)* Having Non-Muslim Friends (2011-03-31)* Health Care Aide Job & Washing Body's Privates (2012-04-30)* Ijara Conversion Product (2011-04-26)* Intercourse With a Wife in Her Rectum (Back Passage) (2011-06-25)* Interest Loan to Buy Properties to Rent (2012-02-29)* Internet Chatting - The Eye Commits Zina (2010-07-06)* Is it Haram to Masturbate? (2010-01-06)* Is the Stock Market Haram? (2010-03-30)* Is This Money Lawful? (2010-07-05)* Leasing a Car (2010-05-11)* Making a Kaaba Model for Kids Education (2012-10-23)* Making Dua’a for non-Muslim (2010-01-26)* Marijuana & Prayers (2010-11-28)* Masturbation and Strong Sex Drive (2012-02-07)* Meaning of Maa’ilaat Mumeelaat (2011-08-15)* Medication to Put me Sleep When Depressed & Frustrated (2012-04-03)* Mouthwash Containing Alcohol in Ingredients (2010-06-17)* My Career and Pleasing My Parents (2012-03-11)* My Friend is Addicted to Pornography (2011-11-30)* My Hair is Thinning (2011-05-19)* My Husband Selling Drugs (2013-02-28)* Non Alcoholic Beer (2010-12-04)* Owning a Chain Business Serving Sausage & Bacon (2011-10-21)* Permissible Seafood (2011-04-23)* Pizza Order Taker & Pork Products (2010-08-17)* Pregnant from Zina (Adultery) (2010-05-03)* Prophet Muhammad's Belongings Publicized, Any Truth or Value (2012-09-03)* Purchase Foreclosure Home (2012-07-16)* Purchasing House from Someone Who Bought it on Mortgage (2011-04-11)* Received a Gift that was Bought by Stolen Credit Card (2012-07-23)* Removing Armpit Hairs With the Help of Another Person (2011-08-15)* Removing Upper Lip Hair (2011-07-14)* Rent to Own - Buying a House (2010-02-14)* Revenge (2010-05-04)* Ruling on Putting Nutmeg in Food (2012-03-07)* Ruling on shaking hands with the opposite sex (2010-01-14)* Ruling on Taking Boyfriends or Girlfriends (2011-02-13)* Ruling on Using Materials to Which “Animal Glycerine” Has Been Added (2011-05-19)* Severity of Watching Pornography (2011-06-06)* Sex Before Marriage Then Converting (2013-03-06)* Sexual Concerns (2010-04-18)* Sexual Desires & Temptation of Women (2010-04-24)* Slaughtering Goat as Udhiyah (2012-10-23)* Soaps Containing Animal By-Products (2010-03-31)* Studying Law in the West (2011-05-19)* Surrogate Mother (2010-01-25)* Taking Child Benefits While Not in Country (2011-05-24)* The Crime of Zina and Repentence (2011-10-14)* Thinking of Girls Too Much (2010-05-10)* Toys Characters in the House (2011-10-09)* Why Dating Not Permissible in Islam? (2011-11-26)* Woman Putting Kohl (2011-01-15)* Working at Pizza Shop That Sells Ham (2012-05-18)* Working for a Canadian Bank (2012-06-27)* Working in a Riba-Based (Interest-Based) Bank (2010-01-06)* Working Out at Gym & Showering in an Open Area (2012-06-14)